Demand side management (DSM) is a key aspect of many future energy system scenarios1,2. DSM refers to a range of technologies and interventions designed to create greater efficiency and flexibility on the demand side of the energy system3. Examples include the provision of more information to users to support efficient behaviour and new smart TM technologies that can be automatically controlled.
Was intended to drive and inform the work of the State Department as we work with the Saudi government to push them to reform their textbooks, Harf said. Obviously continue to push our partners to reform, and we believe with the Saudis that it most effective to do this directly, with them, between our governments, and not publicly, and we do want to keep working with them to see if they can reform their curriculum more. Andrew Weinberg, a senior fellow at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies who wrote the study, said Saudi teachings of intolerance should be on the agenda when Obama visits the Kingdom this week..
Odds ratios were estimated using conditional logistic regression.Results: Parents of cases were significantly more likely than parents of controls to have left hot drinks within reach of their child (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 2.33, 95%CI 1.63, 3.31; population attributable fraction (PAF) 31%). They were more likely not to have taught children rules about climbing on kitchen objects (AOR 1.66, 95%CI 1.12, 2.47; PAF 20%); what to do or not do when parents are cooking (AOR 1.95, 95%CI 1.33, 2.85; PAF 26%); and about hot things in the kitchen (AOR 1.89, 95%CI 1.30, 2.75; PAF 26%).Conclusions: Some scald injuries may be prevented by parents keeping hot drinks out of reach of children and by teaching children rules about not climbing on objects in the kitchen, what to do or not do whilst parents are cooking using the top of the cooker and about hot objects in the kitchen. Further studies, providing a more sophisticated exploration of the immediate antecedents of scalds are required to quantify associations between other hazards and behaviours and scalds in young children..
Global dietary sodium consumption significantly exceeds the WHO recommended intake levels, although strategies are available for sodium reduction, most are partial product specific solutions. A wider range of approaches is urgently required to enable food manufacturers to reduce sodium within processed foods. In this study, the addition of air inclusions within hydrogels has been evaluated for its ability to enhance the delivery of sodium and perception of saltiness and was shown, on a volume basis, to achieve an 80% reduction in total sodium with no loss of saltiness perception; the addition of a congruent aroma volatile was shown to enhance overall flavour perception in foamed systems.